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The Legacy of the Latin Language


Latin Alphabet
  • Used as the language of law, religion, & scholarship until modern times
  • We use Latin alphabet and Roman numbers
  • Several modern languages derived from Latin roots: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, French, English
Latin Roots Used in English Words
Latin Prefixes Used in English Words
Latin Root
Meaning
English Word
Latin Prefix
Meaning
English Word
anima
life, soul
animal, animated
in, im, il
not
inactive, impossible, illogical
civis
community
civic, citizen
inter
between
international
lex, legalis
law, legal
legislature
com, co
together
communicate, cooperate
manus
hand
manual
pre
before
precede
digitus
finger
digit, digital
post
after
postpone
portare
to carry
portable
re
again
remember, rewrite
unus
one
united, unity
semi
half
semicircle, semiannual
urbs
city
suburb, urban
sub
under, less
submarine, subway
verbum
word
verbal, verbose
trans
across
transportation, translattion